DNS Zone

What is DNS zone?

For all purposes, DNS (domain name system) is considered as internet’s contact book. This is how it’s metaphors. Domain’s DNS zone is like contact list in your mobile phone. You save mobile number with a name. Most times you promptly forget phone number. You will only search by name. Same goes with domain name. Here name is the domain name, subdomain and service. Phone number is the IP address. The concept is same you only have to remember website domain name.

DNS (domain name system) zone is a way to direct domain’s (website) visitors to correct webpage to correct web page under your registered domain. Let just start with NS (nameservers). If you know how to register domain name. You’ve interacted with nameservers. Nameservers are used to direct traffic from the internet to actual webpage.

Nameservers looks like a regular URL. Nameservers are basically domain name created via A record. You have to provide them at domain registrar level to route, your domain from the internet to your hosting server. That is where your actual Domain DNS zone take over.

DNS Records: -

DNS (domain name system) makes easy to excess websites. Without DNS system we have to remember to complex IP address. There four basic type of DNS entries: -

  • A Record – A record points domain and subdomain directly to IP address. This will generally is the entry point of your website. In A record domain is translated from domain into IP address on the hosting server. You can also use A record to point web traffic to specific subdomains to different servers.
  • CNAME Record – C stands for canonical and CNAME points domain and subdomain to another domain and subdomain. CNAME helps to points one name to another. For example – 

If you want example.com and www.example.com points towards same domain.

You have to make entry for CNAME record www.example.com pointing towards example.com.

  • MX (mail exchange) Record – Mail exchange is used to direct email. Mail server is responsible for accepting all emails on the behalf of domain name.
  • TXT (text) Record – Text record is used to prove ownership of a domain name. This record is required for variety of reasons to prove third-party such as google analytics that you own particular domain. You create TXT entry, then third-party search engines verifies your DNS zone to prove ownership.
  • NS (nameserver) Record – NS records indicates which DNS server is authentic for that domain. NS records tells internet that where are the domain’s IP address.
  • SPF (sender policy framework) Record – Sender policy framework helps to prevent in email spoofing. These are essentially just another type of TXT entry.

Conclusion: -

Although to learn that how to manage DNS (domain name system) is by actually practicing it. Above shows the different type of DNS records that are used while registering domain name. Make sure to enter correct entries in DNS records. You should consult with your hosting provider before making any changes. Incorrect entries might cause your website unavailable. HTS Hosting best hosting company provides corporate web hosting, Windows shared hosting and other hosting plans. We offer 24*7 customer support while registering new domain and helps in entering DNS records.


  • DNS Zone, domain name system, DNS Records, CNAME Record, Text record, DNS records, hosting company, corporate web hosting, Windows shared hosting
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